Flipping the Classroom with Just-in-Time Teaching
New Mexico State University, January 31, 2014
Las Cruces, New Mexico

JiTT resources span the spectrum from web and classroom items to books and articles on effective teaching and assessment of learning.

I. A Sampling of Web Materials

a. WarmUps
Warmups (also called pre-class questions and preflights) are the core of the JiTT method, providing the feedback loop between in-class and out-of-class involvement. The examples provided here will encourage you to create your own, warmups that reflect your personality and your style and take into account the strengths and weaknesses of your students.
BIOLOGY (by Kathy Marrs)     CHEMISTRY (by Bob Blake)     ETHICS (by Kari Thyne)

b. "GoodFor" Essays
The essays that we now call "GoodFors" were originally developed for introductory physics in response to students comments about "the lack of usefulness of this old stuff." It has been picked by by other disciplines. They are there to be shared. To prepare these is a time consuming task. "GoodFors" should not be a high priority item in a JiTT course.
BIOLOGY (by Kathy Marrs)     CHEMISTRY (by Bob Blake)

c. JiTT Mathematics Resources* by Jeff Watt. Included are warmups, puzzles and GoodFors.

d. JiTT Physics Resources* by Gregor Novak and Andy Gavrin. Included are warmups, puzzles and GoodFors.

*Please note: Some of the resources are actual web page that were presented to the students and include a navigation bar with links to other course resources. Some of those links are not operable.

e. JiTT Psychology Resources by Jim Benedict

f. "What's New in the Course" Web Pages
Another useful but time consuming JiTT feature is a News page. It provides a drum beat and shows the students that the instructor has a continuing interest in the course. It only works if it comes out regularly, despite the instructor's heavy schedule. Note that this is in addition to the usual web postings such as the syllabus, office hours and other house keeping information.
"This Week" page from the Air Force Academy.

g. JiTT Scoring and Assessment

Some thoughts on scoring by Kathy Marrs

A sample scoring rubric (just a suggestion.)

h. Worked-Examples

Student Classroom Journal

II. JiTT as Scholarly Activity

Faculty can treat JiTT as scholarly activity in addition to, or instead of, disciplinary research.
a. A JiTT paper by Sarah Formica.
b. A JiTT paper by Eileen Cashman and Beth Eschenbach.
c. A JiTT Assessment Report by Kathy Marrs.

III. Bibliography

John D. Bransford, Ann L. Brown, and Rodney R. Cocking, editors, "How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School," National Academy Press, (2000).

Arnold Arons, "Some Thoughts on Reasoning Capacities Implicitly Expected of College Students," Cognitive Process Instruction: Research on Teaching Thinking Skills, Jack Lochead and John Clement, Eds. Philadelphia: The Franklin Press, 1979.

Novak, G.M., (2011) Just-in-Time Teaching, in Buskist, W., & Groccia, J. E. (Eds.) Evidence-based teaching. New Directions in Teaching and Learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. (2011).

Novak, G.M., Patterson, E.T., Gavrin, A.D., Christian, W. (1999). "Just-In-Time-Teaching: Blending Active Learning with Web Technology", Prentice Hall (1999).

McClymer, J. F., & Knoles, L. Z. (1992). "Ersatz learning, Inauthentic testing," Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 3: 33 50.

Perkins, D. N. (1986). "Thinking Frames: An Integrative Perspective on Teaching Cognitive Skills." In J. B. Baron & R. J. Sternberg, (Eds.) Teaching thinking skills. New York: W. H. Freedman, 41 61.

Richard Felder, "Matters of Style," ASEE Prism, 6(4), 18-23, December 1996.

Simkins, S., & Maier, M. (Eds). (2009). Just-in-Time Teaching across the disciplines and across the academy. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.